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Object Oriented Interview Questions and Answers


What is the difference between superclass and subclass?
A super class is a class that is inherited whereas sub class is a class that does the inheriting.

What is difference between overloading and overriding?
a) In overloading, there is a relationship between methods available in the same class whereas in overriding, there is relationship between a superclass method and subclass method.

b) Overloading does not block inheritance from the superclass whereas overriding blocks inheritance from the superclass.

c) In overloading, separate methods share the same name whereas in overriding, subclass method replaces the superclass.

d) Overloading must have different method signatures whereas overriding must have same signature.

How many ways can an argument be passed to a subroutine?
An argument can be passed in two ways. They are Pass by Value and Passing by Reference.

Passing by value: This method copies the value of an argument into the formal parameter of the subroutine.

Passing by reference: In this method, a reference to an argument (not the value of the argument) is passed to the parameter.

What is the difference between procedural and object-oriented programs?
1. In procedural program, programming logic follows certain procedures and the instructions are executed one after another. In OOP program, unit of program is object, which is nothing but combination of data and code.
2. In procedural program, data is exposed to the whole program whereas in OOPs program, it is accessible with in the object and which in turn assures the security of the code.

What are the advantages of OOPL?
Object oriented programming languages directly represent the real life objects. The features of OOPL as inheritance, polymorphism, encapsulation makes it powerful.

Can a method be overloaded based on different return type but same argument type ?
No, because the methods can be called without using their return type in which case there is ambiguity for the compiler.

What is Downcasting ?
Downcasting is the casting from a general to a more specific type, i.e. casting down the hierarchy.

Who were the three famous amigos and what was their contribution to the object community?
The Three amigos namely,
James Rumbaugh (OMT): A veteran in analysis who came up with an idea about the objects and their Relationships (in particular Associations).
Grady Booch: A veteran in design who came up with an idea about partitioning of systems into subsystems.
Ivar Jacobson (Objectory): The father of USECASES, who described about the user and system interaction.

What is meant by “method-wars”?
Before 1994 there were different methodologies like Rumbaugh, Booch, Jacobson, Meyer etc who followed their own notations to model the systems. The developers were in a dilemma to choose the method which best accomplishes their needs. This particular span was called as “method-wars”

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